Hesperian Health Guides
How to use this book
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To find information, use the Contents, the Index, or the Tabs.
The Contents at the beginning of this book list the name of each chapter in the order in which it appears. Contents of each chapter are also listed at the beginning of that chapter.
The Index, or the yellow pages at the back of this book, lists all the topics covered in this book in the order of the alphabet (a, b, c, d...).
Each page in this book has a number at the bottom. To find a chapter or topic in this book, find it in the contents or index, and then turn to the page number listed next to it.
Tabs on the right-hand pages separate most of the book into 5 sections. You can quickly find the information on staying healthy, infection prevention, pregnancy, labor and birth (including postpartum), and on other health skills, by turning to the sections labeled with those tabs.
Warnings, medicines, and notes
Warnings, medicines, and notes are separate from the main text.
Warning notes show very important information. When you see this kind of note, you must take action to avoid danger.
WARNING! Do not insert an IUD for a woman who has signs of infection. The infection can spread to the womb.
|Medicine boxes show how to give medicines.
Read these boxes very carefully, and always look in the Green Medicines Pages before giving a medicine.
|These pictures show how the medicines in the box are given — in this case as tablets.
|To lower a fever|
||by mouth, every 4 to 6 hours.|
Notes show information that is useful, but not directly connected with the information around it.
Understanding pictures of the body
How we show the outside of the body
When we draw a person, we try to draw her whole body. If we do not have enough
room, we only show part of her body.
shows a mother
pushing her baby
out of her vagina.
|If it is important to see
the baby’s head and the
vagina more clearly, we
will show only that part
of the body, so we can
make the picture bigger.
How we show the inside of the body
Sometimes we need to show what is happening inside
a woman’s body. So we include pictures that show what a woman’s body would look like if you could see inside of her.
Usually, we use thick lines to show the outside of a woman’s body, and thin lines or dotted lines to show what is happening on the inside.
A note on language
Medical and technical words Throughout this book, we try to use easily understood words for parts of the body and things that the body does. We also explain the medical words we use. If there is a medical or technical word you do not understand, you can look it up in the index and see if it is explained in the book. Or you can look in the glossary, which lists some medical and technical words that are useful to know.
He and she When talking about babies, we did not want to say “he or she” each time because it can be awkward. So sometimes we say “she,” and sometimes we say “he”.
The information in this book is not always enough to help you solve a health problem. When this happens, get help! Depending on the problem, you should:
Get medical advice. A skilled health worker or doctor should be able to help you decide what to do. This is not usually an emergency.
Get medical help. The woman or her baby need to see a skilled health worker or doctor for tests or treatment as soon as possible.
Go to a medical center or hospital. There is an emergency. Take the woman or her baby to a hospital right away for surgery or other immediate help.