Hesperian Health Guides
Maintaining Healthy Positions
The position that the body is in during the day and night is also important to prevent contractures.
Contractures that cause ‘tiptoeing’ of the feet can develop easily, especially when there is spasticity. Keep the feet in a supported position as much of the time as possible:
|when lying down, and when sitting.|
CAUTION! A support like this works well with floppy feet, but may trigger spasticity or jerking of the feet. Position them slowly.
|Teach the child to make sure his feet are in a good position.|
Even for the child who may never walk, maintaining the feet in a flat position makes moving from chair to bed, toilet or bath easier.
Another common problem for children with spasticity is that the knees pull together and in time contractures prevent the legs from separating. To prevent this, when the child lies on her side
she should learn to
place a pillow between the legs, and to keep it there most of the time.
A common problem with wheelchair users is that they slump forward. In time this can deform the spine.
|In a wheelchair with a straight-up back a person with spinal cord injury slumps like this in order to balance.||A chair can be designed (or adapted) so that it tilts back. This provides balance for a better position.||A special cushion also helps keep the butt from sliding forward (and helps prevent pressure sores).|
dip at back of cushion to fit butt
hollow in middle to take pressure off butt bones
raised section to hold legs apart
curved bottom to fit sag in seat of wheelchair
|LESS APPROPRIATE||MORE APPROPRIATE||If possible, make cushion out of ‘micropore’ foam rubber (foam with very tiny bubbles). Rubber-coated coconut fiber also works well.|