Hesperian Health Guides
Exercises and Positions to Help Avoid Pressure Sores and Contractures
Every day 20,000 people visit the HealthWiki for lifesaving health information. A gift of just $5 helps make this possible!
Make a gift to support this essential health information people depend on.
EXERCISE SHEET 4
Children who spend a lot of time lying or sitting, or have lost feeling in their butts, should NOT SPEND ALL DAY SITTING DOWN. This can cause pressure sores, contractures of the hips and knees, and back deformities.
|When you spend time sitting in a wheelchair (or any chair) lift yourself up with your arms like this and count to 25 every 15 or 20 minutes.|
Be sure to use a soft cushion.
|Lifting up often is especially important for people who do not have feeling in their butt, so that they do not get sores on their bottom.|
|Spend a part of the day lying down with your shoulders up like this. (For other designs see "Padding and cushions for lying" and "Meeting the Special Physical Needs of Children at School".)|
|cushions or foam rubber wedges|
You can do schoolwork lying down. Try to arrange things with the teacher so that you can spend part of your day lying down.
||If the child cannot straighten enough to lie on the floor, he can lie on a table, and work or play with his hands at a lower level, as shown here.|