Hesperian Health Guides

Chapter 7: Thinking Skills

Every day 20,000 people visit the HealthWiki for lifesaving health information. A gift of just $5 helps make this possible!

Make a giftMake a gift to support this essential health information people depend on.

HealthWiki > Helping Children Who Are Blind > Chapter 7: Thinking Skills

A child develops thinking skills by having many opportunities to play with the people and objects around him. Any activity that helps a child learn gives him new ways to think about the world. This chapter gives some ideas for activities that can help a child develop thinking skills. Most children who can see begin to learn thinking skills at about the following ages:

HCWB Ch7 Page 59-1.png
a woman and a baby clapping their hands.
Between 6 and 9 months, a baby learns that objects still exist - even when he no longer sees, touches, hears or smells them. For example, if he drops a cup, he knows it has not disappeared but is now lying on the ground. At about 9 months, a baby begins to copy what others do (imitation).
HCWB Ch7 Page 59-3.png
a baby playing with 2 blocks and a ball.
Between 9 and 12 months, a baby learns that he can make things happen. For example, he learns that if he hits a cup with a spoon, it makes noise. He also begins to solve simple problems. At about 1 year, a baby can match 2 objects that are alike. Later, he will learn to sort and count objects.

A child who cannot see well can also learn these skills. With some help, he will learn them only 3 to 6 months later than a child who can see.