Hesperian Health Guides
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Standing aids Many children who have problems with balance or control for standing may benefit from standing or playing in a 'standing aid'. Even for the child who may never stand or walk on her own, being held in a standing position with weight on her legs helps circulation and bone growth and strength.
- How Can We Help?
- Activities for Standing, Walking, and Balance
- Meeting the Special Physical Needs of Children at School.)
|Sometimes a child who does not have enough control or strength to hold his head when lying,||can hold his head up better when sitting or standing.||A simple standing board can help hold the child in a stable position. This one leans against a table.|
holes for straps
A knee separator can be added
holes for feet (straps may also be needed)
|from Don Caston and HealthLink|
This can be used to gradually bring a child to a standing position. It is especially useful for older children who get dizzy if stood up straight too quickly. This can happen after a spinal cord injury or a long, severe illness. The child can be stood up gradually and for longer each day.
Use angle irons to hold boards firmly.
block to hold legs apart (if needed)
hinges (cloth or leather)
|padded knee block||adjustable tool board for children of different heights|
|large tile or cement pipe||hollow log (like people use for bee hives)||plastic garbage container. (Fasten it to a wide base to keep it from tipping over.)|
These are mainly for a child with contractures or painful joints who has difficulty standing straight. The child can gradually be straightened up.
bolt or pin for adjustment
adjustable padded hip support
adjustable padded ankle-foot support
bolts or pins for adjustment
Remove backboard to stand child in frame.
Uprights can be made of wood or metal tubing.
wide belt of thick cloth with Velcro or strap adjustment
adjustable board with padded notches for knees
The notched part can be made of foam plastic.
adjustable foot support
SIMPLE FIXED MODEL
For some children, a chest belt will also be needed
This is a useful aid to begin standing and walking, for children paralyzed or severely affected below the waist (paraplegia, spina bifida, diplegic cerebral palsy).
This has the same use as the standing-walking frame above, but is especially useful for children who need to learn how to walk before they are fitted for braces with a hip band or body brace.
|DESIGN THAT DOES NOT ALLOW SITTING||DESIGN WITH HIP AND KNEE|
HINGES TO ALLOW SITTING
front plate (plastic or thin metal, well padded)
stiff plastic foam knee support
(From Physically Handicapped Children—A Medical Atlas For Teachers.)