Hesperian Health Guides

Meeting the Special Physical Needs of Children at School

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HealthWiki > Disabled Village Children > Chapter 53: Education: At Home, at School, at Work > Meeting the Special Physical Needs of Children at School

When physically disabled children are in school or studying, it is important to remember their special needs, and try to meet them.

For example, children who cannot get up and run around should usually not spend all day sitting in a wheelchair. This lends lo lead to contractures, swollen feet, weak leg bones, spinal curve, and other deformities.
Five children in wheelchairs sitting and writing, crossed off with a large X.
So try to arrange for the children to spend at least part of the day with their bodies in a straight position.

Part of the day this can be done in standing frames (but usually not for more than half an hour at a time).
Child in standing frame writing.
Children sitting, leaning and standing using wheelchairs, standing frames and special chairs.
Group of children  lying face down on boards and other supports, facing a teacher who sits on the floor with a blackboard at floor level.
And part of the time it can be done lying down, either on the floor, or on wedges or mats that permit better positioning and use of the hands and arms.

For design details, see Developmental Aids.

This page was updated:19 Jan 2018