Hesperian Health Guides

Hesperian Health Guides

Sepsis

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HealthWiki > New Where There Is No Doctor > First Aid > Sepsis


Sepsis is when an infection spreads to the bloodstream. It is dangerous because it can lead to shock. If you suspect sepsis, get medical help quickly and treat the person on the way.

Signs of sepsis
  • Fever or too low temperature
  • Fast heart rate — pulse is more than 90 beats per minute
  • Fast breathing — more than 20 breaths per minute
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Splotchy or pale skin
  • Less urine
  • Confusion or losing consciousness
  • Low blood pressure


The most important signs are fever or too low temperature, fast heart rate, and fast breathing. If the person has 2 or more of these signs, treat for sepsis.

Treatment

Get medical help. On the way:

  • Watch for and treat any signs of shock.
  • Give ceftriaxone, OR ciprofloxacin plus clindamycin.
  • Clean any infected wounds, remove dead skin, drain abscesses and pus. To learn how to drain an abscess, see Problems with Skin (in development).
  • If the person is breathing well, give fluids to drink. Give
    small sips frequently.


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