Hesperian Health Guides

Hesperian Health Guides

Other Medicines for Diarrhea

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HealthWiki > New Where There Is No Doctor > Belly Pain, Diarrhea, and Worms > Other Medicines for Diarrhea


Diloxanide furoate


Diloxanide is used in combination with antibiotics to treat amebas. If you cannot get this medicine, try paromomycin or iodoquinol instead.

Side effects

Occasionally causes gas, stomach pain, or nausea. Take with food.

Important

Do not use diloxanide during the first 3 months of pregnancy. Avoid this medicine while breastfeeding.

How to use
After completing metronidazole or another treatment for amebas, begin taking diloxanide.
Use 20 mg per kg each day, divided into 3 doses a day for 10 days. If you cannot weigh the person, dose by age.
Under 3 years: give 62 mg (⅛ of a 500 mg tablet), 3 times a day for 10 days.
3 to 7 years: give 125 mg, 3 times a day for 10 days.
8 to 12 years: give 250 mg, 3 times a day for 10 days.
Over 12 years: give 500 mg, 3 times a day for 10 days.

Quinacrine


Quinacrine works well for treating giardia, but it makes people feel very sick. It is used because it is inexpensive.

Side effects

Headaches, dizziness, and vomiting are common.

How to use
For giardia
Under 10 years: give 50 mg, 3 times a day for 1 week.
Over 10 years: give 100 mg, 3 times a day for 1 week.

Zinc


Zinc helps people with diarrhea get better faster. It should be given along with rehydration drink.

How to use

For babies, tablets can be ground up and mixed with breast milk or a little water. You may be able to get a “dispersible tablet” which dissolves quickly and easily in liquid.

Newborn to 6 months: give 10 mg, once a day for 10 to 14 days.
Over 6 months: give 20 mg, once a day for 10 to 14 days.


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