Hesperian Health Guides

Chapter 56: Making Sure Aids and Procedures Do More Good Than Harm

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HealthWiki > Disabled Village Children > Chapter 56: Making Sure Aids and Procedures Do More Good Than Harm


When I (David Werner) was about 10 years old, I was taken to a doctor because I was having problems with my feet. I kept falling over things and spraining my ankles.

No one knew yet that these were early signs of a progressive muscular atrophy. The doctor examined my feet. They were somewhat weak and floppy, so he prescribed arch supports. An ‘orthotist’ across town would make them. When the arch supports were ready, the orthotist put them on my feet. “Do they hurt?” he asked. “No,” I said. So I was sent home with instructions to wear them every day.

I hated the things!—not because they hurt, but because it was harder for me to walk with them than without them. They pushed up on my arches and bent my ankles outward. I fell and sprained my ankles more than ever.

I tried to protest, but nobody listened to me. After all. I was only a child. “You have to get used to them!” I was told. “Who do you think knows best—you or the doctor?”

So mostly I suffered in silence. I took the arch supports out of my shoes and hid them whenever I could. But when I was caught I was punished. I was made to feel naughty and guilty for not doing what was ‘best’ for me.

Several years later, as my walking continued to get worse, I was prescribed a pair of metal braces. They held my ankles firmly, but they were heavy, uncomfortable, and made me feel more awkward than ever. I hated them, but wore them because I was told to.

One holiday I took a long walk in the mountains. The braces rubbed the skin on the front of my legs so badly that deep, painful sores developed. I refused to wear them again.

It was not until many years later, long after I had begun to work with disabled children, that a brace maker and I figured out what kind of ankle support would best meet my needs. So now I use lightweight, plastic braces that provide both the flexibility and support that best suit me.

When I look back, I realize that the doctor did not know more about what I needed than I knew. After all, I was the one who lived with my feet! True, at age 10, I could not explain the mechanics and anatomy for what was happening. But I did have a sense of what helped me manage better and what did not. Maybe if the adults who were so eager to help had included me in deciding what I needed, I might have had aids that better met my needs. And I might not have felt so guilty and naughty for expressing my opinion.

I learned something from these childhood experiences. I learned how important it is to listen to the disabled child, to ask the child at every stage how she feels about an aid or an exercise, and to include the child and her parents in deciding what she needs. The child and her parents may not always be right. But doctors, therapists, and rehabilitation workers are not always right either. By respecting each other’s special knowledge and looking together for solutions, they can come closest to meeting the child’s needs.

Two young women in different types of wheelchairs one young man using crutches.
I like the chair, but it tries to tip over backward when I go uphill!
And the front wheels begin to slip!
Maybe that's because your weight is centered too far back!
Why don't we try mounting the caster farther back?
See the design for casters.

Some of the best design improvements in aids and equipment come from the ideas and suggestions of the children who try them out.



This page was updated:19 Jan 2018