Hesperian Health Guides

Hesperian Health Guides

Chapter 3: A woman's body in pregnancy

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HealthWiki > A Book for Midwives > Chapter 3: A woman's body in pregnancy


In this chapter:

In this chapter, we describe the parts of a woman’s body that are most affected by sex, pregnancy, and birth. We call these parts sexual or reproductive parts. We also explain how pregnancy happens, and how a woman’s body changes during pregnancy.

A woman’s sexual and
reproductive parts


A woman's genitals (vulva)
outer lips
inner lips
opening of the vagina
clitoris
a very sensitive spot that can give sexual pleasure when touched
urethra
the opening that urine comes out of
anus
the opening of the rectum and intestine, where stool comes out


The pelvis

The bones below the belly are called the pelvis.
The pelvis is shaped like a bowl with a hole in the bottom.
pelvis
pubic bone
During birth, the baby passes through the hole to get out.


The womb, tubes, and ovaries
The womb (uterus) is a hollow muscle. It sits inside the pelvis. Monthly bleeding comes from the womb, and the womb is where the baby grows during pregnancy.

pelvis
The womb is in the woman's belly along with her other organs
heart
lung
liver
intestines
stomach
kidney
bladder



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